Along with this formal change went a new vision and definition for the aims of EPL over a time horizon of five years. Despite the traditional influences on childbearing, powerful forces for change have been at work during the past decade. The matter was further clarified in November EPL now offers open-access publication for all PACS categories on the basis of an "author pays" model with effect from February Moreover, the members of the Editorial and Advisory Boards have contributed to the promotion of EPL by publishing more of their own work in the journal, thus underlining the fact that EPL promotion is a multifacetted effort.
Ojiambo, J The population problem in Africa is compounded by attitudes and traditions that favor large families.
Children give status, and male children are desired to carry on the ancestral line because, dedpite women's dominance in agriculture, traditional education has inculcated male supremacy in African society.
Traditional African attitudes equate having many children with male pride, social status, and security.
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For women, bearing children is in most instances the best and often the only way to achieve some status in their community. Education and modernization have begun to change these attitudes for a few people, particularly in urban settings, yet the desire for large families is deep rooted and remains widespread among African society.
Declining infant mortality has had very little impact on fertility. The momentum of population growth is likely to continue as those under the age of 15, now almost half of Africa's population, grow into adults and start to have their own children.
Despite the traditional influences on childbearing, powerful forces for change have been at work during the past decade.
More and more governments are becoming acutely aware that many national problems are prompted or exacerbated by a rapidly growing population. The interaction between population and development is Madden 18 Trading System well understood, and policy planners in Africa no longer take for granted the notion that development will help check population growth.
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- Along with this formal change went a new vision and definition for the aims of EPL over a time horizon of five years.
Many African governments have initiated programs to ensure that more and better trained health personnel are bringing family planning information and services to rural areas, where pronatalist traditions are especially pervasive. The Editor invites contributions, including unsolicited reviews, on all aspects of English writing and the English language in Africa, including oral traditions.
English in Africa is listed in the Journal of